Health

How to treat common household injuries

home Sweet Home. There is no such place. You may find it most comfortable at home, but keep in mind that there are dangers at home as well. You may get a cut from a kitchen knife or other household utensil. You will probably burn your hands when you take something out of the oven or handle a hot pot on the stove. In most cases, these common household injuries are minor. This means that you can treat yourself at home without seeing a doctor. The items needed for these treatments are included in the home first aid kit.

Road to health improvement

Cuts and scratches

Cuts and scratches are common household injuries that can occur at any time and for many reasons. But if you hurt yourself like this, don’t panic.

Wash your hands first. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water before touching the wound. This removes any dirt from your hands. You need clean hands to prevent accidental stains on wounds that can become infected later.

Stop bleeding. If the wound is bleeding, you need to stop the bleeding. Gently press a clean cloth or gauze material against the wound. Do not push too hard. The scratches may be hurt. Then, while covering the wound, lift it above heart level if possible. This helps stop bleeding. Maintain pressure for a few minutes. Also, do not lift the material frequently to see if the bleeding has stopped. Doing so can cause long-lasting bleeding in the wound.

Clean the cut. Once the bleeding has stopped, the wound should be washed. This can be painful, but it’s a necessary step. Do this by holding the cut under running water. Water helps flush dirt and debris from the wound. After washing, look at the wound. If there is any debris left, gently remove it with tweezers soaked in rubbing alcohol. (Note: Do not use hydrogen peroxide to clean the wound.) When the wound is clean, gently wash the surrounding skin with soap and water. Lightly press with a clean cloth such as a towel to dry the whole.

Apply protection. Apply a thin layer of antibiotic ointment (1 brand name: Neosporin) or Vaseline (1 brand name: Vaseline) to the wound. This helps keep the wound clean, keeps infections away, and probably reduces scarring. Then cover the wound for protection. Use bandages or gauze with elastic bandages. This cover is sometimes called a dressing. The ointment or petrolatum should be reapplied daily and the dressing changed.

Beware of infection. When changing dressings, check the wound for signs of infection. Symptoms include swelling, redness, and more pain than when a wound occurs. Over time, your wounds develop scabs. That’s a natural way to protect itself. Once you have a scab, you don’t need to cover it with any kind of dressing. And avoid the temptation to choose a scab.

Home burns

Even if you are careful, you may get burned at home. When you have dinner, you can hit your hand against the oven rack. Alternatively, hot grease may splatter during cooking. Although painful, these types of burns are often quick and easy to treat with these steps.

Cool it. Naturally, the burns get hot. You need to cool it. Immediately after getting burned, burn with cold running water. Burns can be soaked in cold water, but not ice. Depending on the size of the burn and the degree of pain, it should be left in the water for 5 to 30 minutes. Keeping the burns under cold water can also help reduce the swelling that can occur. If you have a burn on your finger, remove the ring as soon as possible before the swelling begins.

Treat burns. After getting burned, lightly tap with a clean, soft cloth to dry. Do not press hard as burns can be painful. Next, apply a thin layer of antibiotic ointment (one brand name: Neosporin) or Vaseline (one brand name: Vaseline) to the burn. These help prevent burns from becoming infected. You can also apply aloe vera gel to keep your burns cool.

Protect it. Once the burn has been treated, use a sterile bandage or gauze to cover it. Covering it will not only help the treatment stay in place, but will also continue to protect the burn from infection. Make sure the bandage is firm enough to stay in place, but not tight enough to push a burn. Change bandages daily.

Treat the pain. Burns are often painful. Taking over-the-counter medications can relieve some of the pain. Ibuprofen (1 brand name: Advil), acetaminophen (1 brand name: Tylenol), or naproxen (1 brand name: Aleve) may help. These drugs can also reduce the swelling caused by burns. Note: Do not give these medications to children under the age of 12 without the advice of a doctor.

Leave the blisters as they are. When the burn is healed, blisters with liquid may form inside. You may want to open the blister to drain the liquid. But don’t do that. Blisters actually protect against burns. If the blister breaks spontaneously, place it under cold running water to clean it. Once dry, place an antibiotic ointment on it and cover it with a bandage to keep it safe and prevent infection.

Consideration

In some cases, you may need to see a doctor to treat the wound. Examples include when the wound does not stop bleeding, when muscles and fat are visible through the wound, when all dirt and debris cannot be removed from the wound, or because of an animal bite. In all these cases, you need to call your doctor immediately.

Burns in some homes also require the attention of a doctor. These types of burns usually cover skin larger than 3 inches and are more severe than mild burns. Some examples of these burns include boiling water, putting your hands on a hot stove, or a large flare up from an outdoor grill.

Additional tetanus vaccinations may be required for some injuries and burns. If the wound is large, deep, or rusty, check your vaccination record to see when you were last vaccinated against tetanus. Also, if you have a burn that causes blisters, check your vaccination record. If more than 5 years have passed since your last tetanus vaccination, contact your doctor for a booster vaccination.



How to treat common household injuries

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